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The similarities between the industrial and technological revolutions

Galisim[ edit ] The Spinning Jenny and Spinning Mule shown greatly increased the productivity of thread manufacturing compared to the spinning wheel A Watt steam engine —the steam enginefuelled primarily by coalpropelled the Industrial Revolution in Great Britain and the world.

Technological revolution

A technological revolution increases productivity and efficiency. It may involve material or ideological changes caused by the introduction of a device or system. Some examples of its potential impact are business management management, education, social interactions, finance and research methodology; it is not limited strictly to technical aspects. Technological revolution rewrites the material conditions of human existence and can reshape culture.

It can play a role of a trigger of a chain of various and unpredictable changes: The strong interconnectedness and interdependence of the participating systems in their technologies and markets. The capacity to transform profoundly the rest of the economy and eventually society.

For example, innovations, such as the use of coal as an energy sourcecan have negative environmental impact and cause technological unemployment.

The concept of technological revolution is based on the idea that technological progress is not linear but undulatory. Technological revolution can be: Sectoral more technological changes in one sector, e.

Green Revolution and Commercial Revolution Universal interconnected radical changes in more sectors, the universal technological revolution can be seen as a complex of several parallel sectoral technological revolutions, e. History[ edit ] The most known example of technological revolution was the Industrial Revolution in the 19th century, the scientific-technical revolution about 1950—1960, the Neolithic revolutionthe Digital revolution and so on.

The notion of "technological revolution" is frequently overused, therefore it is not easy to define which technological revolutions having occurred during world history were really crucial and influenced not only one segment of human activity, but had a universal impact. One universal technological revolution should be composed from several sectoral technological revolutions in science, industry, transport and the like.

We can identify several universal technological revolutions which occurred during the modern era in Western culture: Financial-agricultural revolution 1600—1740 3.

Technical revolution or Second Industrial Revolution 1870—1920 4. Scientific-technical revolution 1940—1970 5.

Information and telecommunications revolution 1975—present Attempts to find comparable periods of well defined technological revolutions in the pre-modern era are highly speculative.

Indo-European technological revolution 1900—1100 BC B. Celtic and Greek technological revolution 700—200 BC C. Germano-Slavic technological revolution 300—700 AD D. Medieval technological revolution 930—1200 AD E.

  1. Technical revolution can be restricted to changes in management, organisation and so called non-material technologies e. Financial-agricultural revolution 1600—1740 3.
  2. It can play a role of a trigger of a chain of various and unpredictable changes. Green Revolution and Commercial Revolution Universal interconnected radical changes in more sectors, the universal technological revolution can be seen as a complex of several parallel sectoral technological revolutions, e.
  3. Some examples of its potential impact are business management management, education, social interactions, finance and research methodology; it is not limited strictly to technical aspects. For example, innovations, such as the use of coal as an energy source , can have negative environmental impact and cause technological unemployment.
  4. Technological revolution rewrites the material conditions of human existence and can reshape culture.
  5. The main innovations should develop in the fields of nanotechnologies , alternative fuel and energy systems , biotechnologies , genetic engineering , new materials technologies and so on.

Renaissance technological revolution 1340—1470 AD Potential future technological revolutions[ edit ] After 2000 there became popular the idea that a sequence of technological revolutions is not over and in the forthcoming future we will witness the dawn of a new universal technological revolution.

The main innovations should develop in the fields of nanotechnologiesalternative fuel and energy systemsbiotechnologiesgenetic engineeringnew materials technologies and so on. When the notion of technical revolution is used in more general meaning it is almost identical with technological revolution, but technological revolution requires material changes in used tools, machines, energy sources, production processes.

Technical revolution can be restricted to changes in management, organisation and so called non-material technologies e.

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List of intellectual, philosophical and technological revolutions sectoral or universal [ edit ] Technological revolution can cause the production-possibility frontier to shift outward and initiate economic growth The Upper Paleolithic Revolution: The Neolithic Revolution perhaps 13,000 years agowhich formed the basis for human civilization to develop. The Renaissance technological revolution: The British Agricultural Revolution 18th centurywhich spurred urbanisation and consequently helped launch the Industrial Revolution.

The Second Industrial Revolution 1871—1914.

  1. History[ edit ] The most known example of technological revolution was the Industrial Revolution in the 19th century, the scientific-technical revolution about 1950—1960, the Neolithic revolution , the Digital revolution and so on. The Green Revolution 1945—1975.
  2. A technological revolution increases productivity and efficiency. Scientific-technical revolution 1940—1970 5.
  3. Celtic and Greek technological revolution 700—200 BC C.
  4. One universal technological revolution should be composed from several sectoral technological revolutions in science, industry, transport and the like. When the notion of technical revolution is used in more general meaning it is almost identical with technological revolution, but technological revolution requires material changes in used tools, machines, energy sources, production processes.
  5. The capacity to transform profoundly the rest of the economy and eventually society. Scientific-technical revolution 1940—1970 5.

The Green Revolution 1945—1975: