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Guidelines to writing a good research paper

  • Sample Research Questions Unclear;
  • Compare them and change if necessary;
  • Example of an outline:

Describe the sampling strategy Describe the intervention if applicable Identify the main study variables Describe data collection instruments and procedures Outline analysis methods Report on data collection and recruitment response rates, etc. Describe participants demographic, clinical condition, etc.

Writing a Research Paper

Present key findings with respect to the central research question Present secondary findings secondary outcomes, subgroup analyses, etc. Discussion State the main findings of the study Discuss the main results with reference to previous research Discuss policy and practice implications of the results Analyse the strengths and limitations of the study Offer perspectives for future work View Large The Methods section should provide the readers with sufficient detail about the study methods to be able to reproduce the study if so desired.

  1. Key assertions should be referenced, as well as the methods and instruments used.
  2. Begin with a strong argument, then use a stronger one, and end with the strongest argument for your final point.
  3. A question appropriate for Biology, for instance, is different from an appropriate one in Political Science or Sociology.
  4. Know how your essay will be evaluated.

Thus, this section should be specific, concrete, technical, and fairly detailed. The study setting, the sampling strategy used, instruments, data collection methods, and analysis strategies should be described.

3 Basic tips on writing a good research paper title

In the case of qualitative research studies, it is also useful to tell the reader which research tradition the study utilizes and to link the choice of methodological strategies with the research goals [ 3 ].

The Results section is typically fairly straightforward and factual. All results that relate to the research question should be given in detail, including simple counts and percentages. Resist the temptation to demonstrate analytic ability and the richness of the dataset by providing numerous tables of non-essential results.

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The Discussion section allows the most freedom. This is why the Discussion is the most difficult to write, and is often the weakest part of a paper.

How to Write a Research Question

Structured Discussion sections have been proposed by some journal editors [ 4 ]. While strict adherence to such rules may not be necessary, following a plan such as that proposed in Table 1 may help the novice writer stay on track.

Research-Based Writing

References should be used wisely. Key assertions should be referenced, as well as the methods and instruments used.

  • Proofread final paper carefully for spelling, punctuation, missing or duplicated words;
  • What issues are scholars and researchers discussing, when it comes to your topic?
  • Writers should choose a broad topic about which they genuinely would like to know more;
  • All results that relate to the research question should be given in detail, including simple counts and percentages;
  • Critically analyze your research data.

However, unless the paper is a comprehensive review of a topic, there is no need to be exhaustive. Also, references to unpublished work, to documents in the grey literature technical reportsor to any source that the reader will have difficulty finding or understanding should be avoided. The basics Having the structure of the paper in place is a good start.

How to Write a Research Paper

However, there are many details that have to be attended to while writing. Another concerns non-native writers of English: A paper usually goes through several drafts before it is submitted. When revising a paper, it is useful to keep an eye out for the most common mistakes Table 2.

  • Use a technique that suits you, e;
  • Compare them and change if necessary;
  • For an excellent source on English composition, check out this classic book by William Strunk, Jr;
  • Do not include any information that is not relevant to your topic, and do not include information that you do not understand.

If you avoid all those, your paper should be in good shape. Table 2 Common mistakes seen in manuscripts submitted to this journal The research question is not specified The stated aim of the paper is tautological e.