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An evaluation and comparison f elizabeth and maria

  1. This power flowed from her status as mother of the king.
  2. Her maternal intercession, her "manifold intercession," Lumen Gentium, 62 is what is close to and expressive of the Gebirah theme. Mary conceives Jesus because of her faith.
  3. This story tells of the decision of Amram and all Israelites to cease having children because of the persecution of Pharaoh.

In our understanding of the Bible there exists continuity between the two Testaments. The Old Testament anticipates, announces, and points to the New Testament. The two relate to each other like promise and fulfillment. Looking from the New Testament back into the Old Testament, we recognize a number of women of importance who prefigure Mary in some aspects of their destiny, personality and vocation. They are given the name type, because they typify in some ways the future mother of Jesus Christ.

Mary is their anti-type, not in opposition but in contrast, a contrast which takes its measure from the uniqueness of Mary's mission. She is the mother of the Messiah, whereas her prefigurations in the Old Testament prepare, suggest and intuit his future coming. There will be sketches of fourteen feminine Old Testament figures, beginning with Eve and ending with Bathsheba. Their portrait, will be followed by a comparison between each of the Old Testament figures and Mary.

Her initial appearance in the Hebrew Scriptures is one of beauty, goodness, wisdom, and life. The rabbinic writings praise the beauty and adornment of Eve while commenting on Genesis 2: Therefore the Lord through the mouth of Ezekiel applies the following which was originally addressed to the prince of Tyre to her: In Eden, the garden of God, you were, and every precious stone was your covering [carnelian, topaz, and beryl, chrysolite, onyx, and jasper, sapphire, garnet, and emerald]; of gold your pendants and jewels were made, on the day you were created Ezk 28: You are stamped with the seal of perfection, of complete wisdom and perfect beauty Ezk 28: Later Jewish writings contrast Eve's disobedience with the fidelity and obedience of the Israelites to God on Mount Sinai.

In the New Testament, Eve is never mentioned in the Gospels. Adam is mentioned only in Luke's genealogy Lk 3: Eve is mentioned in two Pauline writings: But I am afraid that, as the serpent deceived Eve by his cunning, your thoughts may be corrupted from a sincere [and pure] commitment to Christ " 2 Cor 11: Further, Adam was not deceived, but the woman was deceived and transgressed. But she will be saved through motherhood, provided women persevere in faith and love and holiness, with self-control" 1 Tm 2: Both passages emphasize the negative aspects of Eve's role in salvation history.

Early Christian writers will contrast Eve's disobedience with Mary's obedience. However, it is only through the comprehensive reading of all texts of the First Testament that we will fully appreciate the greatness of Israel's first mother, Eve, the mother of the living.

The text of Genesis 3: One could view the process of salvation history from Eve to Mary as a double movement: All the eminent women in the Old Testament are concrete and partial realizations an evaluation and comparison f elizabeth and maria the primal mother from ancient times Eve who perdures and extends herself in them. As the new Adam extends himself in the "Mystical Body" of Christ the ecclesial community of the new People of Godso also does Mary represent all those "children of God, once dispersed, but now brought together" by her Son.

Jesus' words on the cross, "There is your mother" Jn 19: Abraham is the archetype for responding in faith to God; together with Sarah, this patriarch responds to the divine initiative. Through him God promises the future of the People of God.

The testing of Abraham's faith is an important pedagogical and spiritual model for our own pilgrimage and our growth in faith. He was chosen and he freely responded to Divine Providence, to salvation, and to the future of a People. Abraham is rightly called "our Father in faith. Sarai, the beautiful and dominant wife of Abraham, has her name changed by God thereby signifying her election and vocation to be the mother of Isaac and the mother of believers.

Her story commences in Genesis 12 and ends with her burial in the cave of Machpelah Gn 23: In the Bible she is described as beautiful, generous in hospitality, faith-filled and gifted with a sense of humor! The New Testament Epistles mention her four times Rm 4: These passages show how God worked through her to bear a son despite her barrenness; she is the believing wife and mother of the promise; she is also compared to the heavenly Jerusalem Gal 4: Her faith and her obedience are extolled an evaluation and comparison f elizabeth and maria Hebrews 11: Sarah initiates the series of matriarchs of the Hebrew Scriptures Rebekah and Rachel.

Mary conceives Jesus because of her faith. Sarah's barrenness is ended with the "Lord" saying to Abraham, "Is anything too marvelous for the Lord to do? At the appointed time, about this time next year, I will return to you, and Sarah will have a son" Gn 18: Mary is told something similar by Gabriel, the messenger of God: Therefore the child to be born will be called holy, the Son of God. Mary has Sarah's trait of generous hospitality seen in her visit to Elizabeth Lk 1: Mary is also blessed by God with a son despite the problem of her status as a virgin.

She also is a model in faith seen throughout her whole life in the few events recorded about her in the New Testament. She is described in Genesis 24: She is the most clever and authoritative of the matriarchs, and yet she epitomizes womanly beauty and virtue, in her conduct her virginity, her actions at the wellin her energetic speech, in her thoughtful courtesy, and in her self-assurance.

David Noel Freedman, ed-in-chief. As her story continues and she is married to Isaac, we discover she is sterile up to the moment when she prays God to deliver her from this situation. She gives birth to Esau and Jacob, but has a special preference for Jacob. It is through her mediation and cleverness that she wins for Jacob the blessing of the aging and blind Isaac. Jacob has to flee from Esau, thus creating a separation of the mother from her preferred child.

In Paul's letter to the Romans the following theological insight displays Rebekah's role in the history of God's People, Israel: Paul's marvelous commentary on the messianic promise, carried on in a more dramatic way in the history of salvation through Jacob, emphasizes the free election of God through the persons of faith, the great matriarchs and patriarchs of the Genesis account.

Teresa Okure, a Nigerian scholar, perceived a connection between Rebekah's role and that of Mary by pointing out that Rebekah's action of helping Jacob was not ingenuity directed toward personal gain, but it was her cooperation with God in her own way to an evaluation and comparison f elizabeth and maria about realization of the divine plan, for God had revealed to her the destiny of her two children before they were born.

The mother of Jesus cooperated with God in the final and greatest stage in salvation history.

  • But she will be saved through motherhood, provided women persevere in faith and love and holiness, with self-control" 1 Tm 2;
  • Judith belongs to the poor of Yahweh tapeinoi 6;
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  • The two relate to each other like promise and fulfillment.

She, too, is eventually separated from her son both in the three days of searching for him and in the year or years of his active ministry. Her role in the messianic promise continues what had begun in her ancestors Sarah, Rebekah, and Rachel. Carol Meyers in her epilogue shows the importance of the biblical women such as Rebekah when she states that women who occasionally appear in leadership roles in the biblical record should not be viewed as exceptions but as representation of perhaps a larger group of publicly active females whose identity was lost because of the male-controlled canonical process; that the female prophets and wisdom figures could not have found their place in the canon if they were not part of an acknowledgment of female worth and authority.

Rebekah is a virgin at the time of her marriage to Isaac.

  • She is the prolific mother of eight of the twelve tribes named after her sons;
  • She joined the fast of the Jews for three days in preparation for going to the king resolute that if she would perish, she had to do what she had to do to save her people!
  • At the appointed time, about this time next year, I will return to you, and Sarah will have a son" Gn 18;
  • Their portrait, will be followed by a comparison between each of the Old Testament figures and Mary.

Her single-mindedness, fidelity, and love of predilection for Jacob are qualities that perdure in the narratives about her. She is creative in her manner of helping Jacob to steal the blessing of the firstborn from Isaac Gn 22: Mary is a virgin in the accounts of Matthew 1: Her blessedness is extolled by Elizabeth Lk 1: Her single-mindedness is seen in the events which relate her to her son Jesus on almost every occasion in which she is mentioned in the New Testament.

Anchor Bible, vol 5, 605. Rachel's death in giving birth to her second son Gen. Matthew, who is clearly speaking of the birth of the Messiah Jesus, uses the text from Jeremiah to show that the Holy Family escapes the slaughter of the children of Bethlehem.

  1. How does Leah fit into the Marian tradition?
  2. The first-born son she bears shall continue the line of the deceased brother, that his name may not be blotted out from Israel" Dt 25. Lord our God, to fulfill the promises you make of old you chose the Blessed Virgin Mary, the noble daughter of Zion; grant that we may follow her, whose humility won your favor and whose obedience brought us your blessing.
  3. Her decisions result in victory for Israel at the hands of another courageous woman, Jael.
  4. Looking from the New Testament back into the Old Testament, we recognize a number of women of importance who prefigure Mary in some aspects of their destiny, personality and vocation.
  5. In an effort to secure the throne for her son she appealed directly to David. The New Testament Epistles mention her four times Rm 4.

Rachel gains God's ear because she speaks of love and of family relationships. There is a healing of blood relationships because she not only speaks of love but has lived out of love and experienced it throughout her life.

Rachel and Mary Rachel overcomes her sterility through the help of God. She is clever in her stealing of the teraphim, or household gods, of Laban, her father; thereby securing her independence and the predominance of the heritage of Israel. Her sorrow is evident in the loss of Joseph, her son. This is recalled by Jeremiah, the prophet Jr 31: She is the beloved bride of Jacob who labored extensively for her hand.

Mary's virginity is blessed through the overshadowing of the Holy Spirit, and she gives birth to Jesus.

  • Abraham is the archetype for responding in faith to God; together with Sarah, this patriarch responds to the divine initiative;
  • The rabbinic literature parallels her relationship with Boaz to that of Israel in relationship to God apart from whom there shall be no other god cf;
  • Jael is praised as "Blessed among women" Jg 5;
  • This quiet birth of Moses conceals him from the Egyptian spies.

Matthew recalls the incident of Rachel's weeping when narrating the slaughter of the Innocents. Mary, like Rachel, is a sorrowful mother who endures the death of her son, Jesus on Calvary. She stems from Terah of Mesopotamia through Nahor and Bethuel. Her father is Laban, son of Bethuel and brother to Rebekah.

The sons of her slave are Gad and Asher who are also reckoned as her sons. Leah through divine Providence is the ancestor of two great figures in Israel, namely, Moses and David. This gift to her is from God despite Jacob's preference for Rachel. The last mention of Leah is Genesis 49: The field and the cave in it had been purchased from the Hittites.

How does Leah fit into the Marian tradition?

All About Mary

Through the fact that Judah, one of her sons, is the originator of the Davidic lineage. Though she is not mentioned in the genealogy of Matthew 1: She is the prolific mother of eight of the twelve tribes named after her sons. Leah and Mary Leah's fidelity to Jacob is among her strengths. She is the mother of ten sons, the "Leah tribes. She is a person who is no stranger to self-sacrifice.

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Mary gives birth to Jesus who is a descendent of Judah a son of Leah. Mary likewise is faithful to her family throughout the hidden years and in the public life of Jesus. Her presence in John's Gospel at the foot of the Cross attests to her compassion, her suffering, and her love.