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A history of the battle of bunker hill during the american revolution

The British were trying to keep control of the city and control its valuable seaport. The British decided to take two hills, Bunker Hill and Breed's Hill, in order to gain a tactical advantage. The American forces heard about it and went to defend the hills.

Who Fought at Bunker Hill?

Where did the battle take place? This seems like the easiest question ever, doesn't it? There were two hills that the British wanted to take in order to be able to bombard the Americans from a distance. These were Breed's Hill and Bunker Hill. Sort of a funny mistake and it makes for a good trick question. The Americans were led by Colonel William Prescott. Maybe this should have been called the Battle of the Williams!

Major John Pitcairn was also one of the British leaders. He was in command of the troops that started the fighting at Lexington that began the Revolutionary War. From the American side, Israel Putnam was the General in charge.

Battle of Bunker Hill: The American Revolutionary War

Also, leading patriot Dr. Joseph Warren was part of the battle. He was killed during the fighting. What happened at the battle? The American forces learned that the British were planning on taking over the hills around Boston in order to gain a tactical advantage.

As a result of this information, the Americans secretly moved their troops onto Bunker and Breed's Hill, two unoccupied hills just outside of Boston in Charlestown, Massachusetts. They built up fortifications during the night and prepared for battle. The next day, when the British realized what had happened, the British attacked. Their commander William Howe led three charges up Breed's Hill.

The Americans fought back the first two charges, but started to run out of ammunition and had to retreat at the third charge.

The British gained the hill, but their costs were great. Around 226 British were killed and 800 wounded while the Americans did not suffer nearly as many casualties. Battle Map - Click to see larger picture Result of the Battle Although the British won the battle and gained control of the hills, they paid a heavy price.

They lost hundreds of soldiers including several officers. This gave the Americans the courage and confidence that they could stand up to the British in battle. Many more colonists joined the army after this battle and the revolution continued to grow in strength. Much of the wall they built, called a redoubt, was nearly 6 feet high. British General William Howe was astonished at the American defenses saying "The rebels have done more work in one night than my whole army would have done in one month.

Activities Take a ten question quiz about this page. Listen to a recorded reading of this page: Your browser does not support the audio element.

  1. The British gained the hill, but their costs were great.
  2. The factors leading up to this particular battle were the Americans receiving intelligence that British troops were trying to keep control of the city of Boston and its seaports. The British gained the hill, but their costs were great.
  3. The Americans fought back the first two charges, but started to run out of ammunition and had to retreat at the third charge.

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