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The lottery and the tell tale heart

A theme in a literary work refers to the central idea that the author of that particular work intends to bring out Marcus and Nichols 629.

Notably, the theme comes through different subjects that come from various aspects of human experience including love, death, war, conflicts, and so on. Therefore, the theme seeks to offer understanding, observation, insight, presentation, and observation of the subjects Chaitkin 68. Comparatively, themes are akin to the thesis in essays.

Tell-Tale Heart vs. The Lottery, Comparative Essay?

Looking keenly at the two short stories, it is evident that the theme of death carries the day. In both stories, there is death towards the end of the story. In both stories, the theme of death is developed through the widespread use of foreshadowing.

  • Most importantly, in the two stories, the death is not natural, and the victims are also innocent;
  • It is certainly possible that neither the older man nor Georgiana are responsible for their physical flaws, yet they are placed in the position of being guilty due to the odd behavior of their counterparts;
  • Victim Comparison In comparing the characters of the older man and Georgiana, it is evident that both of them are innocent of personal wrongdoing;
  • The older man and Georgiana share a common flaw, a physical imperfection, the older man having a glazed eye and Georgiana having a birthmark, and it is this imperfection and the reaction of hatred and disgust by the counterpart which serves to initiate horrible strife and death;
  • Similarly, Aylmer sees the sin in the birthmark of Georgiana and reacts with repulsed sinfulness, where he himself also takes on his own horrible mortal sin and his own severe imperfection in the act of murder;
  • In both cases, Poe and Jackson have successfully used foreshadowing in developing their theme of death.

Foreshadowing is a literary element commonly used by authors to suggest the yet to come plot developments Stobaugh 420. As a literary element, foreshadowing can be used in developing the theme through placing clues either at the beginning or the middle of a story. Besides, when Old Man Warner talks of corn, it directly indicates that there might be a sacrifice, which in itself must involve death Jackson.

Above all was the sense of hearing acute. I heard all things in the heaven and in the earth.

  1. Over the course of a week, the younger man becomes increasingly insane and his murderous tendencies mount, as he plots the death of his host. By ridding himself completely of the older man, he would be ridding himself of having to remain in the presence of the evil he sees in the older man, exterminating the cold emptiness of the eye.
  2. They would both rather lead lives of complete perfection than lives where amounts of imperfection are tolerable. The statement of over confidence leading to the characters downfall is shown in both stories by each protagonist by showing that soon the same thing will be the reason that they reached defeat.
  3. It is certainly possible that neither the older man nor Georgiana are responsible for their physical flaws, yet they are placed in the position of being guilty due to the odd behavior of their counterparts. Aylmer is obviously completely disgusted by the birthmark on his wifes hand, and his cannot remain in her presence without being revolted by her.

I heard many things in hell. This is a direct foreshadowing of the death that later materializes.

  1. It is rather likely that the older man and Georgiana had no personal influence upon their own physical imperfections.
  2. Summers in preparing the event through bringing the three-legged stool.
  3. The older man and Georgiana become the symbols for righteousness and tolerance, while the younger man and Aylmer become the symbols for sinfulness and intolerance.
  4. There is also another important symbol, the black box, which is also a symbolism of the connection of the people to the tradition.
  5. This is a direct foreshadowing of the death that later materializes. It is rather likely that the older man and Georgiana had no personal influence upon their own physical imperfections.

In both cases, Poe and Jackson have successfully used foreshadowing in developing their theme of death. Another literary element used in the development of the theme of death is symbolism.

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Symbolism refers to the use of diverse symbols in pieces of literature to exemplify ideas and qualities through giving the symbols unique meanings contrary to their literal meanings Knowles no pagination; Marcus and Nichols 238. Outstandingly, in both stories, symbolism is widely used to either justify the death or show why death had to occur. It is held annually and involves death to appease the gods for good harvests after June. There is also another important symbol, the black box, which is also a symbolism of the connection of the people to the tradition.

Critically, the black box would also mean evil or death. The names of the characters are also symbolic Mr. Graves signifies the bringer of death, as he helps Mr. Summers in preparing the event through bringing the three-legged stool.

Delacroix, a French name for the cross, later hurls a huge stone at Tessie Hutchinson despite cordially treating the latter on her later arrival to the venue of the lottery.

Still, yet, there is symbolism in the boys gathering round stones which show that the tradition of killing innocent people has to be passed from generation to generation.

  • This dagger represents much more than death; he seeing this in his mind was what led Macbeth into the room of King Duncan;
  • The Tell-Tale Heart In Poes story, one of the two main characters, a younger man who perhaps is a boarder in the home of the older man or maybe even his son, is struck by what he considers to be a hideous physical defect, the pale blue and filmy eye of the older man;
  • As a literary element, foreshadowing can be used in developing the theme through placing clues either at the beginning or the middle of a story;
  • The ugliness of the older mans eye becomes a wild obsession of the younger man, and eventually, he cannot bear to be in its presence.

Just like the use of lottery as a rationale to kill the villager who chooses the marked paper, the eye of the old man gives life to the decision of the narrator to kill him Jackson. According to the narrator, it is the eye that has evil. The eye was revealing something, not about the old man, but about the narrator. The use of the lantern shows the lack of comprehension on the part of the narrator to the extent that the narrator can see the eye.

It then fuels the intent of the narrator to murder the old man. In a much similar context, the fact that the black box had been changed and some traditions as well, could have given reason to end the lottery, yet the Old Man Warner is adamant that it cannot be dropped as in other towns. Therefore, it is evident that both foreshadowing and symbolism have been used in developing the theme of death. In sum, both of the stories have successfully used the literary elements of symbolism and foreshadowing in developing of the theme on death.

Most importantly, in the two stories, the lottery and the tell tale heart death is not natural, and the victims are also innocent. However, despite their innocence, they die because of the held beliefs of their perpetrators.