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The history of the construction and fall of the berlin wall

Learn the details of its construction, fall and past. Discover where the remains of the Wall still stand in Berlin. The construction and fall of the Berlin Wall are two crucial twentieth century episodes.

The Berlin Wall divided the city in two for nearly thirty years, separating families and friends. Berlin was divided into two areas and the Allies and the Soviet Union created 81 checkpoints between the two sections of the city.

The Berlin Wall

Construction of the Wall Up to 1961 nearly three million people immigrated to the flourishing West Berlin due to the collapsing Soviet Economy.

East Germany was unhappy by the high percentage of inhabitants especially those with higher educations leaving the socialist state. The next morning, the authorities had placed a provisional barbed wire of 155 km long that separated East Berlin from West Berlin.

The means of transportation could no longer cross the border. During the following days, a brick wall was built between the whole border.

The houses that were on the frontier were evicted. Over the following years many people tried to escape to West Berlin.

The authorities eager to make people stay, expanded the wall and thus increasing its surveillance. The Berlin Wall became a concrete wall 3,5 to 4 meters high. The concrete slabs were filled with steel wires to make it more resistant.

Berlin Wall

The top of the wall had a hemisphere shape, so it would be difficult to hold onto. It had a ditch, a road for military vehicles, an alarm system, automatic weapons, guard towers and guards accompanied by guard dogs 24 hours a day. It was practically impossible to escape to the other side, nevertheless East Germans never stopped trying. The rest of the Wall was protected by fences. Crossing to the West Between 1961 and 1989 over 5,000 people tried to cross the Wall and over 3,000 of them were detained.

Approximately 100 people died trying to escape. The last person shot dead was on 5 February 1989.

The Checkpoint Charlie Museum reflects the most curious stories of how people tried to cross the border. Fall of Berlin Wall When Communism fell in Hungary in 1989, the electric fence between the country and Austria was removed. On the same day thousands of East Germans gathered at the Berlin Wall to cross to the other side and they were not stopped, so there was a huge exodus.

The next day, the Berlin Wall started to be knocked over. Once the borders were reopened, family members and friends who had been separated for 28 years finally came together. Visitors can walk along the 1,3 kilometers of barrier that is beautifully decorated with paintings that reflect several events related to the Wall.