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The ancient origins of dreams and its theories

The significant dreams came in three varieties. Some were literal visions of what will occur, some required symbolic interpretation, and others were visitations by gods, ghosts, or friends.

  • Wolman, 1979 Also, dreaming was the procedure to cure illnesses as in the dream the god appears and indicates the remedy;
  • To be self-aware and consciously reflective;
  • In dreams, they would see visions 16h —century artist Mathaus Grunewald.

Examples of such prophetic dreams come from a variety of ancient sources, including history texts, epic poetry, plays, and inscriptions at holy sites. The Greek historian Herodotus of the 5 th century BC is credited as the father of history, though his stories sometimes cross into myth territory.

In Book 1 of his Histories, the Lydian King Croesus dreams that his son will die from a wound caused by a spearhead. Croesus does everything in his power to keep his son away from weapons, but allows him to go on a hunt, where he is killed accidentally by the spear of the very man hired to be his bodyguard.

The Age of the Zep Tepi

The fact that a historian reported this event attests to the pervasive belief in dreams as visions of the future. Also common in ancient literature are dreams with symbols that must be interpreted. In her dream, fifty geese are killed by an eagle that reveals itself to be her husband Odysseus.

Dreams and Prophecy in Ancient Greece

The geese symbolize the suitors. This was not only prophetic, since Odysseus does kill the suitors, but also a symbolic wish-fulfillment dream.

36,400 BC: The Historical time of the Zep Tepi Theory

In this same passage, Penelope distinguishes between significant and insignificant dreams. Dreams with no greater meaning come to the dreamer by passing through a gate made of ivory, she says, while significant dreams pass through a gate of horn. Ancient literature often features parents dreaming of destruction caused by their offspring. Herodotus gives an example of this, when the Median King Astyages dreams of his daughter Mandane urinating until all of Asia is flooded.

  • Sommerville, 2008 In addition, the Aru Islanders will not sleep in a house where a death has recently occurred for fear that the departed spirit will return to the sleeper to entice him or her to the Land of Spirits;
  • Sirius brightness is 22;
  • In the process, patients would have dreams of gods indicating the cure of illness and then they would be taken to the statue of that specific god so it would inspire the person with the feeling of owe;
  • Moreover, there are many astronomical guidelines proving the concept of the Beginning of a New Age;
  • In a poem by the Greek poet Pindar, the hero Perseus is said to have acquired a golden bridle in a dream;
  • Second, the fact that most people never recognize when they're dreaming, suggests our waking reality may function along the same lines.

He then dreams that she births a vine that overshadows all of Asia. Wikipedia When Hecuba, the Queen of Troy, is pregnant with her son Paris, she dreams she gives birth to a burning torch.

  1. Most medical writers and schools, with the prominent exception of Galen, did not concern themselves with the aetiology or mechanism of dreams.
  2. Dreams create theta waves and they sort out our memories helping us to coordinate new opinions, learn new tasks and update our emotional outlook.
  3. Greek religious culture allowed people to believe in the truth of these apparent dreams from the gods.
  4. Where do you think dreams come from?
  5. The good dreams are listed first, followed by the bad ones written in red, as it is the colour of bad omens. These are exceptions, however, and the vast majority of cures recorded on the stelae come after the ailing suppliants have slept in the sanctuary in hopes of a cure.

Similarly, the Spartan Queen Clytemnestra dreams that she births and breast-feeds a snake, shortly before she is killed by her son Orestes. This sort of symbolic dream became a common literary motif, but also reflects a reality where people believed in the prophetic properties of dreams. Artemidorus of the 2 nd century AD left us a book on dream interpretation, where he explains the meaning of dreaming such symbols as snakes, crocodiles, hunting, farming, and war.

He even explains what it means for a man to dream of having sex with his own mother. Such books were apparently popular in the ancient world.

The History and Meaning of Dreams in Ancient Cultures

The third type of prophetic dream involves a visitation from a friend, family member, or god, who speaks with the dreamer. This visitor is sometimes a dream-messenger in disguise, sent by a god. This dream-messenger can take any form, depending on what the god requires.

Astronomical Configuration & the Zep Tepi

The image of Nestor tells Agamemnon to take his troops into battle against the Trojans. In the Odyssey, Athena sends a dream-figure to Penelope, which appears as her sister.

  1. Some were literal visions of what will occur, some required symbolic interpretation, and others were visitations by gods, ghosts, or friends.
  2. I do not believe that the First Time is a myth, as it is regarded by some researchers. Always seek the advice of a qualified health care provider if you have questions or concerns regarding any medical condition or treatment.
  3. While academics agree to confine its purpose to mythology, I believe that their position conflicts with the long lists of sovereigns found so accurately transcribed in Egyptian documents and temples. The Sleep Blog does not provide medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment.
  4. Though research at MIT in 2001 found that even rats have complex dreams and are able to retain and recall long sequences of events while they are asleep. The image of Nestor tells Agamemnon to take his troops into battle against the Trojans.
  5. The monks used their dream world in an extraordinarily profound way - to study the depths of human consciousness and use it as a path to enlightenment. For instance, Achilles dreams of a visit by his dead companion Patroclus, who asks him to complete his burial rites so he can pass on to the underworld.

The phantom sister comforts Penelope that her son will return from his journey. Nestor begins to talk, convincing Agamemnon and the rest of the army to fight.

A History of Dream Research

Many centuries after these stories were written, the Roman poet Ovid continued the tradition of dream-figures in his depiction of Ceyx and Alcyone.

In this poem, Alcyone does not know that her beloved husband Ceyx has died in war, so Juno sends Morpheus, who can change form at will, to visit her in her sleep. Morpheus disguises himself as Ceyx and tells Alcyone that her husband has died.

According to ancient literature, the visitor in the dream may also be a ghost. For instance, Achilles dreams of a visit by his dead companion Patroclus, who asks him to complete his burial rites so he can pass on to the underworld.

When Achilles tries to grasp Patroclus, he touches only smoke. In a poem by the Greek poet Pindar, the hero Perseus is said to have acquired a golden bridle in a dream. Though these examples all come from myths, it seems people really dreamed about visitations from gods.

The Egyptian Dream Book

Asclepius was a divinity with great healing powers. He was thought to visit his worshipers in dreams and give them medical advice, diagnoses, and even cures. Inscriptions at his sites of worship detail such dreams.

Religious devotees hoping to have a significant dream would practice incubation, or ritual sleep in a sanctuary. Some sanctuaries had rooms just for this purpose. In this cult and others, certain objects might encourage the hoped for communication with a god, such as ritual bathing, animal sacrifice, or sleeping on animal skin.

  • There is no single person responsible for "discovering" lucid dreaming;
  • The arrangement of two planets, in conjunction with the star Regulus, has an amazing meaning;
  • The source of the wisdom of Greeks was the oracle at Delphi, who had an impact on even the most important decisions in the country;
  • The argument is based on two observations;
  • Similarly, the Spartan Queen Clytemnestra dreams that she births and breast-feeds a snake, shortly before she is killed by her son Orestes;
  • Mesopotamia Early information about the analysis of dreams comes from Mesopotamia the land between the Tigris and Euphrates — part of what is now Iraq.

Art Renewal Prophetic dreams appear frequently in Greek literature, from myth to history to ancient inscriptions. Greek religious culture allowed people to believe in the truth of these apparent dreams from the gods. Among religious Greeks, this belief was so strong that people bought dream books and practiced rituals to induce prophetic dreams.

Morpheus, the Greek god of dreams.