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Social determinants of health and postpartum depression

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  • As most of these studies were cross-sectional, the direction of the relationship cannot be ascertained;
  • Banarsidas Bhanot Publishers; 2009;
  • Training health visiting support staff to detect likelihood of possible postnatal depression;
  • Such violence was consistently found to increase the risk of CPMD.

Sembakkam, Kancheepuram - 603 108, Tamil Nadu, India. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Abstract Depression is widely prevalent among women in the child-bearing age, especially during the antenatal and postnatal period. The presence of depression among women has gained a lot of attention not only because of the rising incidence or worldwide distribution, but also because of the serious negative impact on personal, family and child developmental outcomes.

Realizing the importance of maternal depression on different aspects-personal, child, and familial life, there is a crucial need to design a comprehensive public health policy including a mental health strategyto ensure that universal psychosocial assessment in perinatal women is undertaken within the primary health care system. To conclude, depression during pregnancy and in the postnatal period is a serious public health issue, which essentially requires continuous health sector support to eventually benefit not only the woman, but also the family, the community, and health care professionals.

Family, healthcare professionals, postpartum depression, pregnancy Introduction Antenatal care relates to the care of women during pregnancy with an ultimate target to achieve a healthy mother and a healthy child at the end of pregnancy. Potential risk factors A wide range of potential risk factors ranging from socio-demographic parameters, family dynamics, antenatal determinants, medical illness and pregnancy related outcomes, and health sector related attributes have been attributed social determinants of health and postpartum depression the causation of depression among women as mentioned in Table 1.

Presence of a healthy and supportive family environment, especially support from the husband can virtually neutralize all the triggering factors. However, the share of inefficient health care delivery system is also extremely crucial especially in low-resource settings. Consequences of depression The presence of depression among women has gained a lot of attention not only because of the rising incidence or worldwide distribution, but also because of the serious negative impact on personal, family and child developmental outcomes.

Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children revealed that prenatal depression is an important determinant of the childhood conduct problems, suicidal ideation in the kids, and early onset of adult depression. Conclusion To conclude, depression during pregnancy and in the postnatal period is a serious public health issue, which essentially requires continuous health sector support to eventually benefit not only the woman, but also the family, the community, and health care professionals.

Footnotes Conflict of Interest: Preventive medicine in obstetrics, paediatrics and geriatrics. Text Book of Preventive and Social Medicine. Banarsidas Bhanot Publishers; 2009.

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An evidence based review. Glavin K, Leahy-Warren P. Postnatal depression is a public health nursing issue: Perspectives from Norway and Ireland. Postnatal depression and its effects on child development: A review of evidence from low- and middle-income countries. Teissedre F, Chabrol H. Detection of mothers at risk for postpartum depression.

Antenatal and postnatal depression: A public health perspective

Daily and cultural issues of postnatal depression in African women immigrants in South East London: Tips for health professionals. Screening for postnatal depression-a summary of current knowledge. Redshaw M, Henderson J. From antenatal to postnatal depression: Associated factors and mitigating influences. J Womens Health Larchmt 2013;22: Interventions during pregnancy to lower the chances of postnatal depression among women from the Asian subcontinent.

Ment Health Fam Med.

  1. The survey questionnaire was in English only. Women with missing responses on any variable were excluded from these analyses.
  2. Tips for health professionals. Since all of these factors could have influenced prevalence estimates, only broad comparisons between low- and lower-middle-income countries and high-income countries can be made.
  3. Studies from Australia [ 4 ] and the USA [ 5 ] have also found associations between experiencing stressful life events and maternal depression. A case study of an immigrant Pakistani woman.

Role of the husband's knowledge and behaviour in postnatal depression: A case study of an immigrant Pakistani woman. Relationship between domestic violence and postnatal depression among pregnant Chinese women. Int J Gynaecol Obstet.

Almond P, Lathlean J. Inequity in provision of and access to health visiting postnatal depression services. Training health visiting support staff to detect likelihood of possible postnatal depression. Association of birth of girls with postnatal depression and exclusive breastfeeding: Parental suicide attempt and offspring self-harm and suicidal thoughts: Views and experiences of suicidal ideation during pregnancy and the postpartum: Findings from interviews with maternal care clinic patients.

Brazilian women's responses to mothering while experiencing postnatal depression. Is group cognitive behaviour therapy for postnatal depression evidence-based practice. The impact of maternal postnatal depression on men and their ways of fathering: An interpretative phenomenological analysis.

  • Dietary supplements for preventing postnatal depression;
  • Funnel plot of studies on the prevalence of common perinatal mental disorders in women in low- and lower-middle-income countries Discussion There have been recent systematic reviews of studies dealing with perinatal mental disorders in women worldwide 59 and in specific regions, including Asia 6 and Africa, 7 but to our knowledge this is the first review of studies about women in low- and lower-middle-income countries;
  • Data were also collected on reproductive history, maternal socio-demographic characteristics, and maternal psychosocial health issues in pregnancy and postnatally;
  • A prospective cohort study among women with early and regular care.

Prenatal depression, prenatal anxiety, and spontaneous preterm birth: A prospective cohort study among women with early and regular care. The association of depression and preterm labor. Iran J Nurs Midwifery Res. A meta-analysis of depression during pregnancy and the risk of preterm birth, low birth weight, and intrauterine growth restriction.

Introduction

Developmental pathways from childhood conduct problems to early adult depression: Antenatal maternal mental health as determinant of postpartum depression in a population based mother-child cohort Rhea Study in Crete, Greece. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol. Iodine supplementation during pregnancy and infant neuropsychological development. A family medicine perspective.

Psychosocial and psychological interventions reduce the risk of postnatal depression compared with standard care. Effectiveness of antenatal emotional self-management training program in prevention of postnatal depression in Chinese women.

Dietary supplements for preventing postnatal depression. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. The effectiveness of exercise as a treatment for postnatal depression: Online cognitive behaviour training for the prevention of postnatal depression in at-risk mothers: A randomised controlled trial protocol.