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An introduction to the dictatorship of joseph stalin

Early life[ change change source ] Ioseb Vissarionovich Jugashvili was born in a small one room house in Gori, Georgia. His father made and fixed shoes. Joseph had smallpox when he was young. This left his face scarred. Later, photographs were often changed to hide the scars.

He was educated at the Gori church school. Stalin studied to be a priest at a seminary school for priests in Tbilisi. This included books by Karl Marx. They wanted a different type of government. The police raided his house in 1901 while hunting for people who opposed the government. Stalin escaped but went into hiding so the police could not find him. He organized anti-government activities such as May Day marches and protests.

He became a Bolshevik.

  • Lenin was physically weakened and many feared that he would not have long to live;
  • He was later killed by a Soviet Agent with an ice pick;
  • Eventually, he was given a military command and brutally suppressed White Counter-Revolutionaries and bandits;
  • Nadezhda committed suicide in her early 30s;
  • Resisting desperately, the reluctant muzhiks were attacked by troops and OGPU political police units;
  • At first over-inclined to intervene with inept telephoned instructions, as Hitler did, the Soviet generalissimo gradually learned to delegate military decisions.

He supported a violent revolution, and did not support the Mensheviks. The secret police caught him in April 1902 and exiled him without trial to Siberia. This led to many later claims that he was a police spy.

The arrest of another Bolshevik, Stephan Shaumyan, a rival of Stalin, increased these beliefs. Lenin was not what Stalin had expected. This increased his power in the Bolshevik party and he was elected to the Central Committee of the party in 1912. Secretary[ change change source ] Stalin was a member of the Bolshevik Party, but did not do much in the Russian Revolution of 1917.

In 1922 he became General Secretary.

The young revolutionary

He was able to give jobs to people he liked in the Communist Party. Collectivization[ change change source ] Stalin tried to collectivize farms. Collectivization meant taking the land from owners of all farms and joining it into large farms run by the government.

Communist officials then let farmers work the new farms and told them to turn the harvest over to the government. Collectivization did not work well.

The best farming worked on very small bits of land given to the peasants to grow what they liked. On these pieces of land, farmers could keep what they grew. This was done against the wishes, and over the protests, of the American and British governments. Stalin continued to rule over the Soviet Union until he died.

Joseph Stalin

He also militarized Russia by focusing the country's time and energy towards weapons, vehicles, and the armed forces. Stalin died on March 5 1953. It was officially said to be because of a stroke.

How Joseph Stalin became the leader of the Soviet Union

Nikita Krushchev later began a process called "De-Stalinization", which meant taking apart much of the political system that Stalin made. Stalin was denounced as a tyrant. After outsmarting and defeating his rivals, Krushchev established a personal control over the government comparable to Stalin's own, even if he never went as far in murdering millions of people.

Stalin is a very controversial figure in history. Many historians see him as a ruthless dictator, while others praise him as the Father of the Soviet State. A recent poll in Russia 2008 listed him as the third most popular person in Russian history.