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A study of jazz and classical music

A comparison between classical and jazz pianists," NeuroImage 169, 383-394 2018. Press release Miles Davis is not Mozart: The brains of jazz and classical pianists work differently The brain activity of jazz pianists differs from those of classical pianists, even when playing the same piece of music.

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Making music requires a complex interplay of various abilities which are also reflected in more strongly developed brain structures. Scientists at the Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences MPI CBS in Leipzig have recently discovered that these capabilities are embedded in a much more finely-tuned way than previously assumed—and even differ depending on the style of the music: They observed that the brain activity of jazz pianists differs from those of classical pianists, even when playing the same piece of music.

This could give insight into the processes which generally take place while making music and which are specific for certain styles. Your system demands different circuitry for either of those two things.

  1. The wind instruments, comprised of brass and woodwinds, took longer to mature.
  2. However, without the recording medium Jazz music might have developed much differently than it has. Instruments of Jazz Music Early Jazz music was played in small ensembles making use of clarinet, tuba, cornet, baritone, drums, and piano.
  3. Instruments of Jazz Music Early Jazz music was played in small ensembles making use of clarinet, tuba, cornet, baritone, drums, and piano. In the swing era, popular songs were arranged by an arranger and soloists played improvisations over the repeating sections in order to lengthen the song for dancing.
  4. Both of these kinds of music provide rich expression and detail to the serious listener. Improvisation in Classical Music In Classical music, modern listeners are mostly unaware of the fact that many of the great composers of the past were not only excellent performers but also great improvisers.
  5. The study included 30 professional pianists, half of whom were jazz players and half of whom were classical. The participants were asked to rate how much they liked each chord progression.

One crucial distinction between the two groups of musicians is the way in which they plan movements while playing the piano. Regardless of the style, pianists, in principle, first have to know what they are going to play—meaning the keys they have to press—and, subsequently, how to play—meaning the fingers they should use. It is the weighting of both planning steps which is influenced by the genre of the music.

Jazz vs Classical Music

For them it is about playing pieces perfectly regarding their technique and adding personal expression. Therefore, the choice of fingering is crucial. They are always prepared to improvise and adapt their playing to create unexpected harmonies. Accordingly, they were better able to react and continue their performance.

The brains of jazz and classical musicians work differently, research suggests

In these cases their brains showed stronger awareness of the fingering, and consequently they made fewer errors while imitating the chord sequence. Zoom Image When the scientists asked the pianists to play a harmonically unexpected chord within a standard chord progression, the.

All pianists got to see a hand on a screen which played a sequence of chords on a piano scattered with mistakes in harmonies and fingering. The professional pianists had to imitate this hand and react accordingly to the irregularities while their brain signals were registered with EEG Electroencephalography sensors on the head.

  1. Although improvisation was less prominent during the swing era, it regained importance with Bop and onward. Late 19th and early 20th century composers make use of a very large orchestra with all the fully developed wind instruments.
  2. Each was then shown a hand on a screen that played a sequence of chords on a muted piano.
  3. They observed that the brain activity of jazz pianists differs from those of classical pianists, even when playing the same piece of music. Zoom Image In the study all pianists got to see a hand on a screen which played a sequence of chords on a piano scattered with...
  4. The drummer of the Jazz ensemble provides the beat that keeps the group together but even he is interacting with the other soloists as the song is performed.
  5. They are always prepared to improvise and adapt their playing to create unexpected harmonies.

To ensure that there were no other disturbing signals, for instance acoustic sound, the whole experiment was carried out in silence using a muted piano. It also makes clear that it is not sufficient to just focus on one genre of music if we want to fully understand what happens in the brain when we perform music—as it was done so far by just investigating Western classical music. Zoom Image In the study all pianists got to see a hand on a screen which played a sequence of chords on a piano scattered with.

Brains of jazz and classical musicians work differently, study reveals

The professional pianists had to imitate this hand and react accordingly to the irregularities while their brain signals were registered with EEG sensors on the head.